A QA Expert’s Guide to Popular Software Testing Tools in 2020

January 20, 2020
A QA Expert's Guide to Popular Software Testing Tools in 2020

All software needs thorough testing before being released in the market. Quality control experts employ commercial and open source tools for testing depending on the needs for the sorts of software that are being developed. Generally, quality assurance and software testing tools are categorized into three prime categories. 

Types of Software Testing Tools

1. Test Management Tools

2. Functional Testing Tools 

  • API Testing Tools
  • Unit Testing tools
  • Multi-Browser Testing Tools
  • Multi-Device Testing Tools

3. Performance Testing Tools

The following are some of the suggested QA and software testing tools for every category of testing that may be utilized by you or your Quality Check team. 

Test Management Tools

These tools assist the quality assurance engineers to look at the needs and note down suitable test cases for them. The tools assist with test case creation, outlining, and execution. Following the execution, the test management tool develops and locate the bugs against the needs.   

If there exist automated tests, these tools combine into the tests to get the outcomes automatically. For manual testing, a QA will demand to record the outcomes manually. The two tools that can be employed to test management are:

  • Mantis Bug Tracker: It’s an open-source test management tool that is easy to use and permits the teammates to collude. This tool holds custom fields for test cases, enables the user to handle the access rights of many users, and embraces email notifications for updates/issues/comments. 
  • IBM Rational Quality Manager or TestCollab: This exclusive tool aids in managing and planning the test cases taking along the generation of in-depth reports of the statuses of the test execution. This tool links with many other bug management tools also. 

Functional Testing Tools

These tools permit the QA engineer to test the specific features or parts of the software and then notify the errors to the team of developers. These tools can allow manual testing or automated testing. Some of the famed functional testing tools are:

Selenium: This involves two tracks to test the functionality. 

  • Selenium WebDriver: This permits automation testing to develop the regression automation test suites and functional tests. These scripts can be run on many environments just akin to any other part of the software. These scripts can perform on various browsers. 
  • Selenium IDE: QA can notify a sequence of steps to run on a browser many times and aids in exploratory testing. 

Cucumber: This tool allows automated testing with behaviour-driven development. Written in a plain text, functional tests can be automated with the scripts in Java, Ruby, PHP, .Net, and more. Cucumber plain text behaviour can be interpreted into 40 spoken languages, linking the gap between QA, Customer, and development teams. 

API Testing Tools

These tools aid in testing APIs or the service layer. Input parameters can be offered by the quality assurance engineer to assure the output parameters go as expected. This permits any developer or the partner attempting to integrate with your service to test APIs also. 

Postman: A light-weight API testing tool that can be employed by both API integrators, API developers, and a QA team waiting for rapid answers though the testing process. 

Apiary: With the utilization of a markdown jargon, Apiary drives both the development and testing of APIs. This tool involves testing scripts, code samples, and validations for the APIs also. 

Unit Testing Tools

Meant for testing individual code pieces, the unit testing tools are generally employed by the developers to test the code quality and functionality. These tools assure that the developer has performed his/her application so that QA receives a good quality application to test. These tools hugely depend on the jargon in which the product is being developed. 

NUnit, JUnit, PHPUnit: These are the languages of unit testing for .Net, Java, and PHP. 

Code Coverage, SonarQube: These tools assures the quality management on the code only, which in revert affects the product’s quality and bugs in the QA cycle. These tools examine redundant code, coverage of the written code depending upon the unit tests, checks the code against the coding standards, and more. 

Multi-Browser Testing Tools

The emerging devices and browsers are the latest challenge for Quality Assurance personnel. These tools allow cross-browser testing all across various OS versions and browsers. 

Sauce Labs: This service with Selenium runs the automated scripts in various browsers embracing both mobile and desktop browsers. This service grasps the screenshots and develops the reports that assist in identifying the browser-specific bugs. 

Browser Stack: Akin to Sauce Labs, this service involves the cross-browser testing all across mobile and desktop both browsers. 

Multi-Device Testing Tools

Mobile apps move across various device OS versions and several screen resolutions, leading to a difficult QA cycle. The purchasing range of the real devices to test becomes time-consuming and impractical also. There are many tools to pick from that can diminish this issue:

Device Emulators: Not ideal for every testing, but Emulators are free and available easily. The emulators that are offered by Apple or Google can replicate a sound range of resolutions and devices making it simpler to test the apps. 

Amazon Device Farm: This service allows a user to up the app to Fire OS or Android and tests it on the real devices to get the testing outcomes. As this service performs on many hours you give testing on a real device, it also holds a test trial of 250 device minutes at free of cost. This is a possible alternative to test Android apps. 

DeviceAnywhere: This service allows your tests on the real devices for both iOS and Android. This is free and also a paid version. The free comes with limited functionality offers a foundation to start testing.

Performance Testing Tools

Every product has an upset point when the app’s performance begins going down. These performance testing tools allow you to determine how reliable and scalable your app is. It affects the users in a distributed ambience to test your application and loads the test to offer the data points on how many concurrent users can you application support or the minimum and maximum response time on your application. A few tools that allow performance testing are:

Soasta Cloud Test: This tests the virtual users all across many locations to test continuously and quickly at any scale. The test offers real-time insights on the app’s performance. This also permits QA to craft and run a load test from a sole environment. This service holds a lite version that tests 100 virtual users and a demanding paid version that tests all amount of virtual users. 

Load Runner: This service practice the performance of browser-based and native mobile apps. It runs the test from various locations and running the testing in the cloud. The service is combined into your development ambience. 

These QA testing tools are the sample of the ideas that one can use for every sort of testing. There are various additional picks available. Let us know what software testing tools prove to be good for you.